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到不了你的天涯海角 等不到我的地老天荒

 
 
 

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2007-06-02 22:26:51|  分类: 默认分类 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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  噢忽忽~~~写了 一整天的论文终于写完啦!!

害怕丢了所以粘贴上来!!!

实在信不过电脑和U盘啊。。。是不是得了强迫症……偶像快来给我看看病吧呵呵

嘿嘿俺偶像是未来的心理医生哦嘿嘿

Emily Dickinson's attitude to death

 

 

Abstract:

Death and eternity are the major themes in most of Emily Dickinson’s

poems.“ Because I could not stop for death ”is one of her classic poems.

Through the analysi this poem explain Emily Dickinson’s attitude to death.

 

Keywolds: death eternity life

1 Introdution:

Emily Dickinson1830-1886, the American best-known female poet was
one of the foremost authors in American literature.

She was born in Amherst, Massachusetts, where her father was a prominent lawyer and politican and where her grandfather had established an academy and college. Emily seldom left Amherst, she attended college in a nearby town for noe year, and later made one trip as far as Washington and two or three trips to Boston. After 1862 she became a total recluse, not leaving her house nor seeing even close friends. and in her last years never left the grounds of her family. So she was called "vestal of Amherst".  She and her sister remained at home and did not marry throught out all her life. At the age of 56, Emily Dickinson died from a terminal illness, leaving the world much poorer from her absence, yet much richer from the 2,000 poems she left behind. But she had only seven poems published during her lifetime. She was rediscovered by the literary world in the 1920s.

She employed partial rhyme schemes,which became commom in the next century. Dickinson's complex syntax draws a rich variety of connotations from many common words.Her imagery and metaphors derive both from an acute observation of nature and from a powerful imagination. So she wes regarded as pioneers of imagism.

The three main themes of Emily Dickinson's poetry are love, death, and nature. Concerning death, Dickinson believed that the question of death was more important than the actual experience of death. It was a strong, cosmic force which left its victims and its survivors powerless--a question to be pondered by the living.

 

The theoretical foundation for aspects of this argument rests in part on the philosophies of such men as Immanuel Kant, who represents the notion of the boundary of human experience as a belt of mediation: "The sensuous world is nothing but a chain of appearances connected according to universal laws; it has therefore no subsistence by itself; it is not the thing in itself and consequently must point to that which contains the basis of this experience, to beings which cannot be cognised merely as phenomena, but as things in themselves" (Prolegomena to Any Future Metaphysics, trans. and ed. Paul Carus [Chicago: Open Court Publishing Co., 1902] 124).

 

2 Death” in Emily Dickinson’s poets “Because I could not stop for death”

    Death and immorality is the major theme in the largest portion of Emily

Dickinson’s poetry. The poem “Because I could not stop for death” is the typical poem about the death. This poem describe the process of death and suggest the author`s viewpoint about death.

  People may be afraid of death very much. And as we mentioned the death, people may think about a big guy wearing a big and long blake gown and have a very horrible face. Or may be people regard this Azraelas as devil. And when he appeared, he must take away somebody. But in actually fact, the death is just the process of our whole life and, of course, it is the end of our life, to which, everybady must experienced. So there is unnecessary for us to look death as so horrible. Just like the description in Emily`s poem. The content of death in this poem eludes forever any explicit definition. Emily describe the death as a gentleman taking a lady out for a drive. They are travelling through city to the country; they are travelling from morning to the night. And the and of their journey is a little house. And this genteel driver, who is made ironically to serve the end of Immortality. This is the heart of the poem: And the mortality and the eternity is main idea of this poem. From this poem we can know that 's attitude to death is very unperturbed.

  I think this kind of attitude is based on the life style and the experiences of Emily. Fristly, as everyone know that Dickinson lived a very lonely life. She lived almost her entire life in the same town (much of it in the same house), traveled infrequently, never married, and in her last years even never left the grounds of her family. She didn`t meet any of her friends and even didn`t talk to another people. She just talk to herself and have the conversation with her own spirit. In our mind, this kind of life is very boring and unthinkable. Even though no one can really know her but I think this kind of life is a little meaningful to her. And also everyday is the same. So long life and short life is the same to her in some distance. Secondly, many friends died before her, and the fact that death seemed to occur often in the Amherst of the time added to her gloomy meditation. She face up so many death in her whole lifetime. So she did not fear it, because in her opinion the arrival in another world is only through the grave which is just like a small house and the forgiveness from God is the only way to eternity.  

“Because I could not stop for death— He kindly stopped for me—The Carriage held but just Ourselves—And Immortality”  She regarde the death as a kind-hearted man who is stop there waiting for another peole. From that sentence we can know that the author think that people walk toward death unconstraint, and no one force them to do so. So the death is not horrible.

 

“We slowly drove—He knew no haste And I had put away My labor and my leisure too, For His Civility. “The death is a man who is very gentle with the good civility. The speaker particularizes Death's characteristics with favorable connotations. In our lifetime, he is always accompany with us. And the process to the death is no haste. When we walk toward to him, we should abandon our labor and leisure.

“We field of gazing grain is the adult and the seeting sun is the old age. The author regarde the whole life as a journey to the death. This journey is not as it is in other people`s mind as dark and horrible. Instead it is very colourful and wonderful process and the landscape of the trip is very beautiful. It is suggest that the author is no fear of the death and also she love the life very much. Though she is seldom to go outside, but she is still love nature. Though she is seldom talk to other people even to friends and families, but she still love them, very much. She express her deep love not in words but in poems. This kind of love is very elegance and deep.

 “Or rather---He passed Us---The Dews drew quivering and chill---For only Gossamer, my Gown--- My Tippet---only Tulle” When people going to die they will feel very cold. So the author said “quiverind and chill” she combine the reality and imagination very well. “For only Gossamer, my Gown--- My Tippet---only Tull” from that we know when people face up with the death they are helpless. People is so chickenshit when compared with the death. So why no face up it unperturbed. And enjoy the beautiful landscape of the process and engoy the peocess of death.

“We paused before a House that seemed A Swelling of the Ground---The Roof was scarcely visible--- The Cornice--- in the Ground---“ The end of this journey is a little house “Swelling of the Ground---The Roof was scarcely visible” the body of this house is under the ground. Of coure it is the grave. When mentioned the grave, people may feel that is very clod and very dark with the horrible silence. But when mentioned the house, people may feel that is very warm and bright with the families inside. Emily see the too differen things as the same shows that in her mind the death and the end-result of the death is very nice. 

“Since then---`tis Centuries--- and yet Feels shorter than the Day I firse surmised the Horses` Heads Were toward Eternity---“ At last the author point out the theme of this pome that is the eternity. The death is the eternity. People`s life is id very short but the eternity is profound. Just like Emily Dickinson herself. Though her life is short,and she lived a unthinkable lonely life, she was an extremely intelligent, highly sensitive, and deeply passionate person who throughout her adult life wrote poems and she left more 2000 great poems. Her pomes profoundly influence several generations of American poets and that would win her a secure position as one of the greatest poets that America has ever produced.

 

 

3 Conclusion

Death and eternity are the major themes in most of Emily Dickinson’s poems.“ Because I could not stop for death ”is one of her classic poems. From this poem we can see that her attitude to death is very unperturbed. She is not fear death at all, instead she personify the death as a kind and civil gentleman who is always accompany people all through their life time. And she regard the life as a very interesting long journey which toward the death. And also death is eternity. So death and the eternity is the comment of her pomes.

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